The Prophet Abraham (pbuh) and the Prophet Lot (pbuh)

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This book introduces the Prophet Abraham pbuh , who is praised in the Qur'an in these terms: "You have an excellent example in Abraham and those with him" Surat al-Mumtahana: 4 and the Prophet Lot pbuh , who lived during the same period, so that they can serve as role models for our own lives. Since every piece of information about these two prophets contains considerable wisdom, we shall examine their lives closely in this book so that we can follow their example.

The Prophet Muhammad. Some Secrets of the Qur'an. Understanding Islam: Quick Grasp of Faith. In this article, we discuss the Islamic views of sleep based on the Quran and Hadith and the impact of these views on sleep and sleep habits of modern Muslims. The Quran frequently mentions sleep. In addition, different Arabic words are used to describe sleep in the Quran , and these may correspond to the different sleep stages identified by modern sleep science:. This may correspond to stage 1 sleep identified by modern sleep scientists. In the Quran , sleep implies a manifestation of weakness and bodily need for rest.

It was recently suggested that a short nap can reduce stress and blood pressure BP , with the main changes in BP occurring between the time of lights off and the onset of stage 1. The Quran states that the People of the Cave stayed in their caves for solar years, adding nine for lunar years [verse Modern sleep scientists believe that sleep deprivation has deleterious effects on mental concentration, memory, mood, and quality of life.

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In addition, recent data indicate that sleep deprivation impairs endocrine and metabolic functions. Once the Prophet pbuh entered the Mosque and saw a rope hanging in between its two pillars. Remove the rope. She does not sleep at night because she is engaged in prayer.

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There are numerous Muslim sleep traditions that Muslims try to follow in order to be in accordance with the practice of the Prophet pbuh Sunnah. Muhammad pbuh encouraged his companions not to be involved in any activity after Isha prayer darkness prayer, which is around 1. Additionally, Muslims are required to wake up for Fajr prayer, which is about one hour before sunrise. The Prophet did not sleep after Fajr prayer.

And then he asked him to say the night prayers before sleep.

In Islamic culture, some sleep positions are encouraged while others are discouraged based on the practice Sunnah and recommendations of the Prophet Muhammad pbuh. Thus, many Muslims sleep on their right side, particularly, in the initial part of sleep. Modern scientific studies have suggested a beneficial effect of right lateral decubitus position on the heart.

In particular, one study assessed the autonomic effect of three sleep positions supine, left lateral decubitus, and right lateral decubitus in healthy subjects using spectral heart rate variability analysis. In addition, an animal study indicated that vagal stimulation has an antiarrhythmic effect.

Modern medical studies have concluded that infants who sleep in the prone position have a seven-fold increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome SIDS. This may correspond with current scientific understanding that it is important to maintain a dark environment during sleep so as not to disrupt the circadian rhythm. Yawning is an unacceptable behavior for Muslims, especially in public places. If yawning occurs, the yawner is instructed to cover his mouth with his hand.

If you are about to yawn, you should try to stop it as much as possible. Napping is a cross-cultural practice, and modern sleep scientists believe that napping provides benefits for all ages. Alalbani ]. Friday is the weekend for Muslims, so napping on Friday may compensate for sleep debt that has accumulated during weekdays. Previous research has shown that short daytime naps improve vigilance and cognitive functions, and are beneficial for memory consolidation.

The Quran mentions the alternation of day and night in 37 places and in many places asks Muslims to observe the succession of night and day. Will ye not then hearken? Say: See ye? Will ye not then see?


Muslims have five obligatory prayers per day. The first prayer Fajr is at dawn about one hour before sunrise , so Muslims are obliged to wake up early on weekdays and weekends; the last prayer Isha is in the evening, about 1. Summer nights have earlier dawn and shorter nights, so Muslims may have less night sleep during the summer.

Sleep scientists have not yet studied the physiological effects of this, although available evidence suggests a possible seasonality effect in bed times and wake times. The peak phase of melatonin rhythm was phase delayed by 4. In addition, the trough phase of rectal temperature rhythm in two of three subjects was phase delayed by approximately 2 hours in winter. However, in this study there was no change in total sleep time in winter, compared to summer.

In this section, we will discuss sleep and death, the story of the Companions of the Cave, and dreams and dream interpretation in Islamic culture. The Quran indicates some resemblance between sleep and death. He keeps those souls for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. The Hadith from the Prophet Muhammad pbuh supports this view. Muslims believe that people in Heaven do not sleep, because sleep is a form of death.

We present this story, because it provides information that corresponds with our current understanding of sleep and the effect of light and noise on sleep. Modern science has documented that staying on one side for long periods can cause bed sores.

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In addition, prolonged immobility increases the risk of numerous conditions, including thrombosis. Therefore, in modern medical practice, patients who are bed-ridden are turned regularly. The description of the Companions of the Cave portrays their conditions during sleep. This verse suggests that their eyes were open and blinking when they were asleep. In the context of modern sleep science, open eyes allow more light perception and are important for the regulation of circadian rhythms.

New discoveries revealed that a regular light-dark cycle is essential for the calibration of circadian rhythms, and maintenance of the circadian pattern of body functions and hormonal secretion. Although sensitivity to noise decreases during sleep, modern scientists believe that the sleeping body still responds to noise stimulation.

Although autonomic reactions that occur during sleep may be small, their accumulation over time may result in harmful effects, such as increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

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Detailed discussion of dreams in the Muslim culture is beyond the scope of this article. Instead, we provide an overall summary of the importance of dreams in Muslim culture. Muslims in general have great interest in dreams and dream interpretation. In general, Muslims consider dream to be a kind of supernatural perception. Oneiromancy is a traditional type of dream interpretation that is common in the Muslim world. In general, Muslims have much higher regard for dreams and dream interpretation than people from Western societies. This correlates with the current scientific understanding that the longest periods of REM sleep occurs during the last third of the nocturnal sleep period, when dream imagination is most active.

Because of the central role of the Quran in the Muslim faith, discussions of dreams are fundamental to Islamic dream interpretation. This verse describes the experience of the Prophet pbuh the night before a particular battle Badr , when the Muslim army was across the valley from its enemy. Some Western scholars who have written about dreams in the Quran consider this journey as one of the dreams of Muhammad pbuh.

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In particular, the body and soul of Muhammad pbuh travelled from Mecca to Jerusalem and then ascended to heaven. This led him to the wonders of heaven, where he met with many prophets and messengers who had gathered to meet him, and He led them in prayers. Therefore, we will not discuss this journey as a dream.

Some interpreters of the Quran have interpreted verse Numerous Muslim philosophers have proposed theories of dream interpretation. Ibn Arabi C. He proposed that the interpretation of dreams depends on the personal characteristics and life circumstances of the individual.

In the past few decades, there has been a significant increase in our knowledge of sleep physiology, sleep disorders, and the importance of sleep. Islam and other ancient religions also provide significant information about the historical and cultural views of sleep, and these precede modern scientific studies by hundreds or thousands years. About years ago, Muhammad pbuh stressed the importance of sleep for good health and the Quran stresses the importance of the alteration of night and day. A nap Qailulah is a well-established cultural practice in the Islamic culture.

For some Muslims, the nap has religious dimensions. Modern sleep scientists acknowledge the beneficial effect of short naps. Muslims have been following certain sleep habits for hundreds of years, following the instructions and practices of their Prophet pbuh. Modern sleep scientists currently recommend many of these same practices. Dream interpretation is an established science in the Muslim literature and Islamic theories of dream interpretation correspond with many theories currently proposed by modern sleep scientists.

We suggest that sleep scientists examine religious literature to understand the views, behaviors, and practices of ancient people in regard to sleep and sleep disorders. Such studies may help to answer unresolved questions in sleep science or lead to new areas of inquiry. Conflict of Interest: None declared. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

Journal List Ann Thorac Med v. Ann Thorac Med. Ahmed S. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Address for correspondence: Prof. E-mail: moc. Received Mar 26; Accepted May This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty.

Prophet Abraham (pbuh) 03

Keywords: Circadian rhythm, dreams, Islam, Quran , sleep.